Performance Improvement Methods
UBTs use a performance improvement method called the Rapid Improvement Model (RIM+). It’s a quick way of improving work processes that allows teams to make a small change, test and evaluate it, and then adopt it if it works — or reject it if it doesn’t.
Use these three questions to guide your team’s efforts to improve quality, service and affordability, and to make your department a great place to work:
- What are we trying to accomplish? Clarify the improvements your team wants to make and define how you want to change. Be specific.
- How will we know a change is an improvement? Identify what you will measure to make sure you know whether the change you make is truly an improvement.
- What changes will help us improve? What options are most likely to work? What do we think is a good idea? What have other people done? Keep objectives in mind. Use the team’s knowledge and experience as a guide.
Visit the Use of Tools toolkit to learn more.
Small tests of change
The plan, do, study, act (PDSA) cycle is part of the Rapid Improvement Model. It allows teams to rapidly test a change on a small scale. Risk taking is encouraged and failures are okay because the team learns from them.
The steps are:
- Plan: Plan the test or observation, including how you’ll collect data.
- Do: Try out the test on a small scale.
- Study: Set aside time to analyze the data and study the results.
- Act: Refine the change based on what team members learned from the test.
Then start preparing a plan for the next test!
Other performance improvement tools
In addition to PDSAs, there are a diversity of performance improvement tools — process maps, fishbone diagrams and more — that can help teams understand what’s not working about their team processes and which are the best ideas for improving them. The How-To Guide on performance improvement is a great place to start exploring performance improvement tools that go beyond PDSAs.
Consensus decision making and interest-based problem solving
In the course of doing performance improvement work, team members use specific methods to help them make decisions and understand one another’s point of view.
Teams use consensus decision making to decide things like which project the team is going to tackle and which improvement idea is going to be tested first. Consensus is a form of group decision making that is often used in collaborative work. Because everyone discusses the issues to be decided, the group benefits from the knowledge and experience of all members. Consensus occurs when every member of the group supports the decision.
Interest-based problem solving is a process that addresses individual and group differences. Participants work together to reach agreement by sharing information and remaining creative and flexible, rather than by taking adversarial positions.
The four steps to interest-based problem solving are:
- define the problem
- determine interests
- develop options
- select a solution
Visit the Team Member Engagement toolkit to learn more about consensus decision making and interest-based problem solving.